As more companies are securing multiple rounds of private finance before coming to market, they don’t always need to raise capital at the point of listing. Many companies may be looking for a simpler and quicker route to a public listing.
At London Stock Exchange we offer companies a wide choice of routes to market, including Direct Listings – also known as introductions in the UK – that have been available in London for many years.
In a Direct Listing, a company’s shares are admitted to trading on a public market. Compare this to a traditional IPO where admission to trading hinges on a successfully coordinated offer of new or existing shares to investors – managed by an underwriting bank that provides bookbuilding services. Often in an IPO, a bank markets the offer to institutional investors first and retail investors can participate after admission to trading.
When a company chooses a Direct Listing, it skips a bank’s bookbuilding process – and the opening auction on the exchange determines price discovery. In a simple Direct Listing, there are no set conditions about pricing securities or how many shares should be sold.
A company choosing a Direct Listing will need to be confident that there is sufficient demand among its existing shareholders to allow a liquid market to develop post-admission to trading. Public investors actually determine the security price on the day the company goes to market. Companies may still mandate banks for advisory services to help educate investors on the companies equity story.
A Direct Listing can be a simpler and more cost-effective route to market for some companies. Companies that do not need to raise capital at listing may choose this route as it is an easy way of allowing the market to value your company.
All listed companies on London Stock Exchange have access to the same global visibility, profile and liquidity regardless of their route to market. London remains Europe’s most active stock exchange in terms of the value and volume of equity transactions. The depth and breadth of our market provides access to companies of any size, headquartered around the world with the opportunity to grow and expand for the future.
Not every listing on the public markets has the aim of raising fresh capital. For fast-growing international technology company Wise, its Direct Listing on the Main Market of London Stock Exchange provides a way to broaden its ownership while remaining focused on its mission. Co-founder and CEO Kristo Käärmann explains their novel thinking and approach.
Tech in London
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