A Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT) can be either a single-company or group REIT that owns and manages property on behalf of shareholders. REITs may contain commercial and/or residential property but not owner-occupied buildings. REITs provide a way for investors to access the risks and rewards of holding property assets without having to buy the property directly.
In the UK, a company or group of companies can apply for UK REIT status, which provides exemption from corporation tax on profits and gains from their UK-qualified property rental businesses. In return, UK REITs are required to distribute at least 90% of their taxable income for each accounting period to investors, where the income is treated as property rental income rather than dividends. In this way, taxation of income from property moves from the corporate to the investor level.
UK REITs provide a range of important benefits to companies and investors. And because UK REITs are listed on the Main Market or AIM they also enjoy all the other benefits associated with London's equity markets.
There are over 50 REITs with a market capitalisation of over $70bn listed on London Stock Exchange investing across industrial, office, residential, retail, speciality, hotel and lodging real estate.